Berbers, or Imazighen As they call themselves, are the indigenous ethnic groups that occupied the North African countries: Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, eastern Mali, northern Niger, and western Egypt for thousands of years. There are between 40 and 70 million Berbers. About 36 million of them speak a Berber language (Tamazight). Many Berbers have lost their mother tongue over the centuries and communicate now in Arabic dialects.
The most populated region with Berber tribes in the world is NorthAfrica. Morocco regroups the largest number of Berbers, which accounts for around 50 percent of the country's population. It is this sizeable Berber population that differentiates Morocco from other Africain Countries
.Berbers in Morocco live in three major geographical regions. Each has its own Berber Tamazight version: Tarifit in the Rif Mountains, Tamazight in the Middle Atlas Mountains, and south-eastern desert oasis, and Tashelhit in the High Atlas Mountains, and Anti-Atlas Mountains.
Hospitality is deeply rooted in the culture. Numerous Berber tribes lived as transhumans and shepherds. They were basing their economy on agriculture and sheep and wool used by women to weave rugs.
Women are definitely considered the artists in Berber societies. Wool had a vital aspect in Berber tribes. They used it to weave exceptional textiles. Also, they used tattoos as a distinctive sign, a mark of a tribe. Berber women excelled as pottery makers and wore elaborate silver and amber jewelry. Women both created the artistic symbols of Berber originality. They used them daily, making her a public image of Berber identity.
Today's Berbers were and are still heavily influenced by the cultures of previous settlers, conquerors, and colonizers (Arabs, Ottomans, French, and Spanish). The Berber groups, which have primarily preserved their language and tradition, are the ones that lived in Algeria and Morocco, and they were generally the least exposed to foreign influences.